A Comparison of Functional and Preferred Reinforcers during FCT
Keywords:behavioral interventions, challenging behavior, functional assessment
Function-based interventions are used to decrease problem behaviors and increase appropriate behaviors in school settings. However, there may be situations under which the functional reinforcer cannot be identified or delivered. In this study, we compared the effectiveness of a functional reinforcer and a preferred reinforcer within a functional communication training (FCT) context with a third grade student with EBD. Results showed that both reinforcers were equally effective at reducing problem behaviors and increasing communicative responses in the classroom setting. The data suggest that under conditions in which a functional reinforcer cannot be delivered, a preferred reinforcer may be as effective.
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